Zachary Levenson has publised a co-authored article with Sam Ashman and Trevor Ngwane, "South Africa's ANC: The Beginning of the End?" in Catalyst 1(2):75-106.
As electoral support for the African National Congress (ANC) continues to erode, the clearest beneficiary appears to be the Democratic Alliance (DA), ensconced firmly to the right of South Africa’s ruling party. Against a backdrop of both parties augmenting the economic contradictions of apartheid, three potentially viable left alternatives have emerged: the National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa’s (NUMSA) anticapitalist United Front, a professedly Marxist-Leninist-Fanonist party called the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF), and a nationwide student movement challenging both austerity and the failure of South Africa’s universities to substantially decolonize. All three emerged following the ANC-ordered murder of dozens of mine workers in 2012 at Marikana. We clarify why, of these emergent opportunities, only the EFF remains viable, even if we are deeply critical of its politics and potential. We chart the twin implosions of NUMSA’s United Front and the #FeesMustFall movement, arguing that organizational incapacity led to the demise of both despite a sustained rise in spontaneous unrest across the country.