Laura J. Enriquez

Professor
Sociology 190
Special Interests: 
Development in Latin America, rural sociology, political sociology, social movements
Office: 
432 Barrows
Phone: 
(510) 642-2502
(510) 642-4766
Curriculum Vitae: 
Profile: 

Laura Enríquez’ principal interest lies in the possibilities and dilemmas inherent in social transformation in Latin America. She has approached this interest through the lens of agriculture, whether in the shape of agrarian reform, food policy, or more general policies related to production in this sector of the economy and those who engage in it. Her research sites have been Nicaragua, Cuba, and Venezuela, where she has engaged in interviewing and ethnography to study these topics.

Enríquez’ first two books were broadly concerned with the impact of the agrarian reform that was carried out in Nicaragua under the Sandinista government between 1979 and 1990. She looked at the effect it had on the economy as a whole, as well as the ways in which it influenced the political perspective of agrarian reform beneficiaries. In addition, she examined the shift in food policy in post-1990 Cuba, and the country's larger process of agrarian transformation, as its socialist government attempted to survive the collapse of its key trade partner - the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance.

Enríquez’ most recent book, Reactions to the Market: Small Farmers in the Economic Reshaping of Nicaragua, Cuba, Russia and China, brings her research on the first two of these countries together in an analysis of the different strategies that each government pursued in the post-1990 period to address their economic crises, and the impact these had on small farmers. Placing Nicaragua's and Cuba's small farmers in a comparative light with those of Russia and China, it argues that reform strategies implemented in each case reflected the overall political economic orientation of their respective governments: in Nicaragua and Russia, the emphasis was on bringing about a rapid retreat from socialism, and in Cuba and China (especially between 1978-1985), it was on reconfiguring socialism. The book situates this discussion at the intersection of the theoretical debates concerning "the transition to the market" that has taken place in former socialist countries - in particular the issue of whether that transition has led to more or less inequality - and the future of the peasantry with the expansion of capitalism in agriculture.

More recent trends in Latin American politics have opened the way for Enríquez’ current project, which explores the opportunities and challenges inherent in following the electoral path toward socialism. Her country of study is Venezuela, where she is focusing on the state and its implementation of agrarian reform, as well as its effort to transform agricultural production toward the use of more sustainable practices.

Representative Publications: 

Enríquez, Laura J.
2010    Reactions to the Market: Small Farmers in the Economic Reshaping of
    Nicaragua, Cuba, Russia, and China.  University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Enríquez, Laura J.   
2010    “The Cuban Alternative to Neoliberalism: Linkages between Local Industry
     and Tourism After 1990,” International Journal of Development Issues 9,2.

    Outstanding Paper Award Winner at the Literati Network Awards for Excellence 2011.

Enríquez, Laura J.
2003    “Economic Reform and Repeasantization in Post-1990 Cuba,” Latin American Research Review 38, 1: 202-218.

Enríquez, Laura J.
2000    “The Varying Impact of Structural Adjustment on Nicaragua’s Small Farmers,” European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies 69 (October): 47-68.    

Enríquez, Laura J.
2000    “Cuba’s New Agricultural Revolution: The Transformation of Food Crop Production in Contemporary Cuba.”  Development Report, Food First-Institute for Food and Development Policy.

Jonakin, Jon, and Laura J. Enríquez
1999    "The Non-traditional Financial Sector in Nicaragua: A Response to Rural Credit Market Exclusion," Development Policy Review 17, 2 (June): 141-169.    
  
Enríquez, Laura J.
1998    "Review of Neoliberalism and Class Conflict in Latin America: A Comparative Persective on the Political Economy of Structural Adjustment, by Henry Veltmeyer, James Petras and Steve Vieux, in     Contemporary Sociology 27, 5 (September): 523-524.

Enríquez, Laura J.
1997    Agrarian Reform and Class Consciousness in Nicaragua.  Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida.

Enríquez, Laura J.
1994    The Question of Food Security in Cuban Socialism.  Berkeley: Institute of International and Area Studies, University of California, Berkeley.

Enríquez, Laura J., and Marlen I. Llanes
1993    "Back to the Land: The Political Dilemmas of Agrarian Reform in Nicaragua,"  Social Problems 40, 2 (May): 250-265.

Enríquez, Laura J.
1993    "La reforma agraria en Nicaragua: Su pasado y su futuro,"  in Carlos M. Vilas (Ed.), Centroamérica: Una Democracia Emergente.  Mexico City: UNAM.

Enríquez, Laura J.
1991    Harvesting Change: Labor and Agrarian Reform in Nicaragua, 1979-1990. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

For complete list, see CV.