Arlie R. Hochschild
My most recent research focuses on the rise of the American right–the topic of my latest book, Strangers in Their Own Land: Anger and Mourning on the American Right (The New Press, September 2016), a finalist for the National Book Award. Based on intensive interviews of Tea Party enthusiasts in Louisiana, conducted over the last five years and focusing on emotions, I try to scale an “empathy wall” to learn how to see, think and feel as they do. What, I ask, do members of the Tea Party–or anyone else–want to feel about the nation and its leaders? I trace this desire to what I call their “deep story”–a feels-as-if story of their difficult struggle for the American Dream. Hidden beneath the right-wing hostility to almost all government intervention, I argue, lies an anguishing loss of honor, alienation and engagement in a hidden social class war. (See The Minneapolis Star Tribune and The Boston Globe.)
In other writing–such as my 2012 The Outsourced Self: Intimate Life in Market Times–I explore the shifting boundary between market and intimate life and methods by which individuals manage that boundary to keep personal life feeling personal. (See the excerpt in the Sunday Review section of The New York Times, "The Outsourced Self"). My 2013 So How's The Family and Other Essays is a sampler, you might say, of an applied sociology of emotion. It includes essays on emotional labor–when do we enjoy doing it and when not?–empathy, personal strategies for handling life in a time bind, and the global traffic in care workers. See the 2013 book review in the London Times Higher Education Supplement, ("So How's the Family: and Other Essays").
Earlier work has been based on field work among older residents of a low income housing project, (The Unexpected Community), flight attendants and bill collectors who perform "emotional labor" (The Managed Heart), working parents struggling to divide housework and childcare (The Second Shift), corporate employees dealing with a corporate culture of workaholism (The Time Bind), Filipina nannies who've left their children behind to care for those of American families (Global Woman). My work is available in 16 languages.
For activities, honors and awards, please see my curriculum vita (link above). For a brief introduction to my basic approach, please see the Spring 2008 issue of Contexts. For recent interviews, see the International Sociological Association's Global Dialogue, "Emotional Labor Around the World" or The Swarthmore Bulletin, "A Playful Spirit". For a recent essay, please see "The Ecstatic Edge of Politics: Sociology and Donald Trump," Contemporary Sociology, Vol 45, Issue 6, pp. 683-689 (October 18, 2016).
For recent Book Reviews, please see:
"In 'Nomadland,' the Golden Years Are the Wander Years," (Review of Jessica Bruder's Nomadland), New York Times Book Review (November 17, 2017); "How Workers Coped After GM Shuttered Its Janesville Plant," (Review of Amy Goldstein's Janesville), The Washington Post, April 20, 2017; "Liberals' Woes Run Deep, But the Way Out is Murky," (Review of Mark Lilla's Review of The Once and Future Liberal), The Washington Post, August 18, 2017; "How the White Working Class is Being Destroyed," (Review of Deaths of Despair and the Future of Capitalism by Anne Case and Angus Deaton), The New York Times, March 17, 2020.
For recent Op-Eds, please see:
"Donald Trump Loves Conspiracy Theories. So Do His Supporters," Washington Post (November 7, 2016), "Donald Trump, 'The Apprentice,' and Secular Rapture," Boston Globe (September 6, 2017); “Redefine the Flag” in “Fix This Democracy – Now,” The Washington Post (October 26, 2017); "Trump Has Divided the Country. Some Americans Are Trying to Bring Us Back Together." Time Magazine, on-line (January 19, 2018); "Robots are the Ultimate Job Stealers. Blame Them, Not Immigrants." The Guardian (February 14, 2018); "To Fix American Democracy, The Left Should Commit to These Four Steps," The Guardian (February 17, 2018); "More Republicans Than You Think Support Action on Climate Change," The New York Times (December 29, 2018); "Think Republicans are Disconnected From Reality? It's Even Worse Among Liberals," The Guardian (July 21, 2019); and "When a Pandemic Strikes Americans Who Are Already Suffering," The New York Times (March 20, 2020).
An essay on care, included with ones by Carol Gilligan and Joan Tronto in a volume appearing in French in 2014.
2013 So How's the Family? And Other Essays. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
2012 The Outsourced Self: Intimate Life in Market Times. New York: Metropolitan Press.
2003 The Commercialization of Intimate Life: Notes From Home And Work. San Francisco and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Translation into Italian, (El Mundo), and Spanish. Published in Australia by the University of Australia.
2002 Global Woman: Nannies, Maids and Sex Workers in the New Economy co-edited with Barbara Ehrenreich for Metropolitan Books, New York: Metropolitan Press. Translations into Arabic, Bulgarian, Hebrew and Italian.
1997 The Time Bind: When Work Becomes Home and Home Becomes Work New York: Metropolitan/Holt (50,000 books first printing). Cover article in The New York Times Magazine, excerpted in The Nation and Working USA. New preface for paperback American edition. Reissued with new afterword 1997. Recorded as audio book by Scholarly Audio Inc. Translated into: German (Berlin: Verlag Leske Budrich), Danish (Munksgaard).
1989 Second Shift: Working Parents and the Revolution at Home(with Anne Machung), New York: Viking Penguin. Translated into: German (Zolnay Press), Japanese (Asahi Press), Dutch (Unibock Press), Arabic (International Publishers, Cairo, Egypt), Korean (Aha-chim-e-seul), Published in Great Britain by Piatkus Press. (New preface for the Japanese edition, new afterword for paperback American edition. Reissued with new afterword 1997). SDX Joint Publishing Company would like to publish The Second Shift in mainland China.
1983 The Managed Heart: The Commercialization of Human Feeling Berkeley: The University of California Press. Reprinted with new afterword, 2003. Translated into: German (Campus Press), Chinese (Laureate Books, Taipei, Taiwan), Japanese (Sekai Shisosha, Kyoto, Japan), Polish (Polish Scientific Publishers PWN) forthcoming.
1973 The Unexpected Community, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Second edition, Berkeley: The University of California Press, 1979.
Published Articles and Chapters
2019 "The Homes in Dorian's Path Are in a High-Risk Area. Why Do They Cost So Much?" in The New York Times Book Reviews, September 4.
2018 "Male Trouble" in The New York Review of Books, October 11.
2018 "The Coders of Kentucky" in The New York Times, September 21.
2016 "How the 'Great Paradox' of American Politics Holds the Secret of Trump's Success" in The London Guardian, September 7.
2016 "No Country for White Men" in Mother Jones Magazine, September/October.
2016 "The American Right: Its Deep Story" in Global Dialogue, Volume 6, Issue 3 (September).
2005 "Love and Gold" (expanded version) in Feminist Politics, Activism and Vision: Local and Global Challenges, edited by Luciana Ricciutelli, Angela Miles and Margaret McFadden, London, Great Britain, Toronto, Canada.: Zed/Innana Books. This essay has also been translated into French by Laurence Bachmann for Nouvelle Revue Feministe (2004), reprinted in Sciences Humaines. It has also been translated into Polish by Znak, vLVII i6, 2005, pp. 41-63.
2004 "Let Them Eat War", European Journal of Psychotherapy, Counseling & Health, Volume 6, no 3, December, pp. 1-10. Also reprinted in William F. Grover and Joseph G. Peschek, Voices of Dissent(forthcoming).
2004 "Through the Crack In the Time Bind: From Market Management to Family Management", in The New Work Society, edited by Michael Hviid Jacobsen and Jens Tonboe, Copenhagen, Denmark: Hans Reitzels Publisher (in Danish).
2004 "The Commodity Frontier" in Self, Social Structure, and Beliefs: Essays in Sociology, edited by Jeff Alexander, Gary Marx and Christine Williams (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press), pg 38-56.
2004 "Emotional Labour in Health Care: Who Takes Care of the Caretaker?" Chapter 5 of Enriching the Art of Care with the Science of Care: Emotional and Interpersonal Dimensions of Health Services edited by Laurette Dubé, Guylaine Ferland, and D. S. Moskowitz, Montreal: McGill Queen's University Press, pp. 67-72.
2008 "Feeling Around the World", Contexts, v7, n2, pp. 80-80. Reprinted in the Swedish Sociological journal, Sociologisk Forskning.
2005 "Feeling Capitalism: A Conversation with Arlie Hochschild: Conducted 5 May 2005", Journal of Consumer Culture, by Nicholas H. Wilson and Brian J. Lande, v5(3), pp. 275-288.
2001 "Eavesdropping Children, Adult Deals and Cultures of Care" in Rosanna Hertz and Nancy Marshall (eds.) Working Families: The Transformation of the American Home, Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, pp.340-353.
2000 "Global Care Chains and Emotional Surplus Value", in On the Edge: Globalization and the New Millennium, edited by Tony Giddens and Will Hutton, London: Sage Publishers, pp. 130-146.
2000 "The Nanny Chain" cover article in The American Prospect, vol. 11 no. 4, January 3, pp. 32-36.
1993 "Inside the Clockwork of Male Careers, with a 1990s Postscript", Kathryn P. Meadow Orlans and Ruth A. Wallace (eds.), Gender and the Academic Experience: Berkeley Women 1952-1972, University of Nebraska Press, pp. 125-139.
1989 "The Economy of Gratitude", David Franks and Doyle McCarthy (Editors), Original Papers In the Sociology of Emotions, New York: JAI Press, pp. 95-113.