Arlie R. Hochschild
My most recent research focuses on the rise of the American right–the topic of my latest book, Strangers in Their Own Land: Anger and Mourning on the American Right (The New Press, September 2016), a finalist for the National Book Award. Based on intensive interviews of Tea Party enthusiasts in Louisiana, conducted over the last five years and focusing on emotions, I try to scale an “empathy wall” to learn how to see, think and feel as they do. What, I ask, do members of the Tea Party–or anyone else–want to feel about the nation and its leaders? I trace this desire to what I call their “deep story”–a feels-as-if story of their difficult struggle for the American Dream. Hidden beneath the right-wing hostility to almost all government intervention, I argue, lies an anguishing loss of honor, alienation and engagement in a hidden social class war. (See The Minneapolis Star Tribune and The Boston Globe.)
In other writing—such as my 2012 The Outsourced Self: Intimate Life in Market Times—I explore the shifting boundary between market and intimate life and methods by which individuals manage that boundary to keep personal life feeling personal. (See the excerpt in the Sunday Review section of The New York Times, "The Outsourced Self"). My 2013 So How's The Family and Other Essays is a sampler, you might say, of an applied sociology of emotion. It includes essays on emotional labor—when do we enjoy doing it and when not?—empathy, personal strategies for handling life in a time bind, and the global traffic in care workers. See the 2013 book review in the London Times Higher Education Supplement, ("So How's the Family: and Other Essays").
Earlier work has been based on field work among older residents of a low income housing project, (The Unexpected Community), flight attendants and bill collectors who perform "emotional labor" (The Managed Heart), working parents struggling to divide housework and childcare (The Second Shift), corporate employees dealing with a corporate culture of workaholism (The Time Bind), Filipina nannies who've left their children behind to care for those of American families (Global Woman). My work is available in 16 languages.
For activities, honors and awards, please see my curriculum vita (link above). For a brief introduction to my basic approach, please see the Spring 2008 issue of Contexts.
For recent Interviews, please see:
- “The Deep Story of Trumpism” interviewed by Derek Thompson, The Atlantic (December 29, 2020) PDF
- "Emotional Labor in the Age of COVID-19" Scientific American (September 10, 2020) PDF
- "Emotional Labor Around the World" Global Dialogue, Volume 4, Issue 3 (September 8, 2014)
- "A Playful Spirit" The Swarthmore Bulletin (April 2013)
For recent Book Reviews, please see:
- "What's Wrong With the Meritocracy" The New York Times (September 15, 2020) Review of Michael J. Sandel's The Tyranny of Merit: What's Become of the Common Good? [PDF]
- "How the White Working Class is Being Destroyed" The New York Times (March 17, 2020) Review of Anne Case and Angus Deaton’s Deaths of Despair and the Future of Capitalism [PDF]
- "The Homes in Dorian's Path Are in a High-Risk Area. Why Do They Cost So Much?" The New York Times (September 4, 2019) Review of Gilbert M. Gaul’s The Geography of Risk [PDF]
- "Male Trouble" The New York Review of Books (October 11, 2018) [PDF]
- "Liberals' Woes Run Deep, But the Way Out is Murky" The Washington Post (August 18, 2017) Review of Mark Lilla's The Once and Future Liberal [PDF]
- "How Workers Coped After GM Shuttered Its Janesville Plant" The Washington Post (April 20, 2017) Review of Amy Goldstein's Janesville [PDF]
- "In 'Nomadland,' the Golden Years Are the Wander Years" The New York Times (November 17, 2017) Review of Jessica Bruder's Nomadland [PDF]
For recent Op-Eds, please see:
- “Is Donald Trump a bully or bold protector? That depends on whom you ask” The Guardian (October 11, 2020)
- “The secret to Donald Trump’s election strategy? Emotion, not policy” The Guardian (September 2, 2020)
- "When a Pandemic Strikes Americans Who Are Already Suffering" The New York Times (March 20, 2020) [PDF]
- "Think Republicans are disconnected from reality? It's even worse among liberals" The Guardian (July 21, 2019)
- "More Republicans Than You Think Support Action on Climate Change" The New York Times (December 29, 2018) [PDF]
- "The Coders of Kentucky" The New York Times (September 21, 2018) [PDF]
- "To fix American democracy, the left should commit to these four steps" The Guardian (February 17, 2018)
- "Robots are the ultimate job stealers. Blame them, not immigrants" The Guardian (February 14, 2018)
- "Trump Has Divided the Country. Some Americans Are Trying to Bring Us Back Together" Time Magazine, online (January 19, 2018) [PDF]
- “Redefine the Flag” in “Fix This Democracy – Now” The Washington Post (October 26, 2017) [PDF]
- "Donald Trump, 'The Apprentice,' and Secular Rapture" The Boston Globe (September 6, 2017) [PDF]
- "Donald Trump Loves Conspiracy Theories. So Do His Supporters" The Washington Post (November 7, 2016) [PDF]
2016. Strangers in Their Own Land: Anger and Mourning on the American Right. New York: The New Press.
2016. Coleen the Question Girl.
An essay on care, included with ones by Carol Gilligan and Joan Tronto in a volume appearing in French in 2014.
2013. So How's the Family? And Other Essays. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
2012. The Outsourced Self: Intimate Life in Market Times. New York: Metropolitan Press.
For a review, see here.
For an excerpt, see here.
2003. The Commercialization of Intimate Life: Notes From Home And Work. San Francisco and Los Angeles: University of California Press. Translation into Italian and Spanish. Published in Australia by the University of Australia.
2002. Global Woman: Nannies, Maids and Sex Workers in the New Economy co-edited with Barbara Ehrenreich for Metropolitan Books, New York: Metropolitan Press. Translations into Arabic, Bulgarian, Hebrew and Italian.
1997. The Time Bind: When Work Becomes Home and Home Becomes Work New York: Metropolitan/Holt (50,000 books first printing). Cover article in The New York Times Magazine, excerpted in The Nation and Working USA. New preface for paperback American edition. Reissued with new afterword 1997. Recorded as audio book by Scholarly Audio Inc. Translated into: German (Berlin: Verlag Leske Budrich), Danish (Munksgaard).
1989. Second Shift: Working Parents and the Revolution at Home (with Anne Machung), New York: Viking Penguin. Translated into: German (Zolnay Press), Japanese (Asahi Press), Dutch (Unibock Press), Arabic (International Publishers, Cairo, Egypt), Korean (Aha-chim-e-seul), Published in Great Britain by Piatkus Press. (New preface for the Japanese edition, new afterword for paperback American edition. Reissued with new afterword 1997). SDX Joint Publishing Company would like to publish The Second Shift in mainland China.
1983. The Managed Heart: The Commercialization of Human Feeling Berkeley: The University of California Press. Reprinted with new afterword, 2003. Translated into: German (Campus Press), Chinese (Laureate Books, Taipei, Taiwan), Japanese (Sekai Shisosha, Kyoto, Japan), Polish (Polish Scientific Publishers PWN) forthcoming.
1973. The Unexpected Community, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Second edition, Berkeley: The University of California Press, 1979.
Published Articles and Chapters
2016 "The Ecstatic Edge of Politics: Sociology and Donald Trump," Contemporary Sociology, Vol 45, Issue 6, pp. 683-689.